The oldest evidence of attendance in the prehistoric and proto-historic site come from the necropolis explored over the 19th century by Stevens, whose rich grave goods have been recently exposed in the topographic area of the National Archaeological Museum of Naples.
Of Ancient Cuma – the first among the colonies of Greek western populations, founded at the expense of the local Osco-Samnite populations in the second half of the eighth century BC by Euboeans-Calcidesi previously settled in the emporion Pithekoussai (then Aenariain Ischia island ) – you can actually visit the acropolis with the temples of Apollo and Jupiter, the first plant which dates back to the Greek, and the so-called ” Sybil’s cave “, reported by tradition to oracular cult of Apollo but built almost certainly for defensive purposes.
The other tunnel, known as the Roman Crypt or “Cocceio cave”, with which one linked in the late Republican time the port of Cuma with Portus Iulius on the lakes of Averno and Lucrino, in order to strengthen the military area, it is accessable from the square located in front of the Antro of Sybil and from which you take the Sacred way, which leads to the Acropolis.
From there you can also see the remains of the “lower city”, with the Italic Temples of the Forum and the beautiful ruins of a thermal building called “Masseria del Gigante”, the amphitheater recently brought to light, as well as the ” Arco happy “, implanted on the pass which was opened in Mount Grillo, the eastern border of the ancient city, for the passage of the old via Domitiana.
The remains of a sanctuary of Isis, come out during the new archaeological investigations carried out in the proximity of the city’s port, prove the spread of the Egyptian cult of Isis in the Phlegraean area. Along the north coast of the city, at the Torregaveta hill, they survive, finally, the remains of a luxurious seaside villa there ,Servilio Vatia built it in the first century A.D.